Category: Fertility

Resource Category Topic Type
2020 Census Reflects Lagging U.S. Population Growth
In this brief, author Kenneth Johnson reports that the first data from the 2020 Census reveal a significant slowdown in U.S. population growth.
Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Migration, Mortality Publication
7.6 Million Fewer Births and Still Counting
In this data snapshot, author Kenneth Johnson reports that new data for 2020 show a 3.8 percent decline in births since 2019 and the fewest since 1979. There were 16.5 percent fewer births last year than in 2007, just before the Great Recession began to influence births.
Demography Birth Rates, Demography, Fertility, Women Publication
Migration Sustains New Hampshire’s Population Gain
New Hampshire’s demographic future depends heavily on migration. The state’s population continued to grow in 2021 and 2022 because a migration gain of 18,300 was enough to offset the excess of deaths over births.
Demography, New Hampshire Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Migration, Mortality, New Hampshire Publication
More U.S. Women of Childbearing Age, but Fewer Have Given Birth
In this brief, Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that, in 2022, there were 4.7 million more childless women of prime child-bearing age in the United States than would have been expected given fertility patterns prior to the Great Recession, up from 2.1 million in 2016.
Demography Birth Rates, Demography, Family, Fertility, Women Publication
New Hampshire Demographic Trends in the Twenty-First Century
This brief summarizes current population redistribution trends in the Granite State and shows how fertility, mortality, and migration contributed to these trends. According to the 2010 census, New Hampshire gained 80,700 residents (a 6.5 percent increase) between 2000 and 2010, mostly during the earlier years of the decade.
Demography, New Hampshire Demography, Fertility, Migration, New Hampshire Publication
Rural America Lost Population Over the Past Decade for the First Time in History
In this brief Carsey Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson examines rural demographic trends between 2010 and 2020 using data from the 2020 Census. With fewer births, more deaths, and more people leaving than moving in, rural America experienced an overall population loss for the first time in history.
Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Migration, Mortality, Rural Publication
The Recent U.S. Population Growth Rate Increased from Last Year’s Record Low, but Remains Below Historical Levels
In this brief, author Kenneth Johnson reports that the U.S. population grew by just 1,256,000 between July of 2021 and July of 2022, according to recent Census Bureau estimates. This was an increase from the record low growth of the preceding year, but it remains well below historical rates.
Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Immigration, Migration, Mortality Publication
Three Years of Record High Mortality and Low Fertility Leave Many States with More Deaths than Births
In this data snapshot, Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that with Covid-induced mortality at record highs and continuing low fertility during the past three years, U.S. births exceeded deaths by the smallest margin in more than a century.
Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Mortality Publication
Toward a More Equal Footing
Policy makers and advocates nationwide recognize that funding for early childhood education is a crucial investment in the future. Critical foundational development occurs before age 5, and research consistently shows that high-quality early education for children leads to higher future educational attainment and lower likelihood of crime,1 and yields a return on investment of 7 to 13 percent.2 Yet accessing affordable, quality early childhood education and care is a challenge for families nationwide. More than a quarter of families with young children are burdened by child care costs,3and the availability and quality of child care and education are highly variable across states.4 One program that connects the most economically vulnerable families with quality early childhood programming is Early Head Start (EHS). Subject to rigorous quality and staffing standards,5 implemented among the youngest children (prenatally through age 2), and delivered via a two-generation approach, EHS is a significant opportunity for providing quality care and education to a population that might otherwise struggle to access it. This brief explores the characteristics of EHS in Maine, compares them to the national landscape, and connects these findings to a discussion of the federal and state policy climates.
Vulnerable Families Research Program Children, Education, Fertility, Poverty Publication
U.S. Births Remain Near 40-Year Low for Third Consecutive Year
In this data snapshot, Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that recent National Center for Health Statistics birth data indicate there were only 3,661,000 births in 2022, compared to 3,664,000 in 2021, and just 3,614,000 in 2020. These three birth cohorts are the smallest in 40 years and continue a birth decline that began in the era of the Great Recession.
Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Fertility, Women Publication
U.S. Fertility Rate Hits Record Low and Births Continue to Diminish
National Center for Health Statistics data for 2018 show the lowest general fertility rate on record and just 3,788,000 births—the fewest in 32 years. There were 528,000 fewer births (12 percent) in 2018 than in 2007, just before the Great Recession began to influence births.
Demography Birth Rates, Fertility Publication
U.S. Fertility Rates and Births Continue to Diminish
National Center for Health Statistics data for 2019 show the lowest fertility rates on record and just 3,746,000 births—the fewest since 1985.
COVID-19, Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Women Publication
U.S. Fertility Up Slightly, but 8.6 Million Fewer Births Long Term
In this data snapshot, Carsey Senior Demographer Kenneth Johnson reports that National Center for Health Statistics data for 2021 show a slight increase in births, rising 1.5 percent from the 2020 level which was a 40-year low.
Demography Birth Rates, Demography, Fertility Publication