Category: COVID-19

Resource Category Topic Type
Affordability Challenges Drive Food Insufficiency in the Pandemic
In this data snapshot, authors Jess Carson and Sarah Boege find that getting food is a problem for people experiencing food insufficiency during the pandemic, but affording food is the biggest challenge.
COVID-19, Vulnerable Families Research Program COVID-19, Food Assistance, Low Income, Poverty Publication
An Older Population Increases Estimated COVID-19 Death Rates in Rural America
In this brief, author Kenneth Johnson estimates the influence that the local age structure has on coronavirus death rates among those exposed to it in rural and urban counties in the United States.
COVID-19, Demography COVID-19, Demography, Health, Rural, Seniors, Urban Publication
CDFIs Can Make the SBA PPP Loan Program Work for Smaller, Minority-Owned, and Women-Owned, Small Businesses
As currently being implemented by the Small Business Administration, the loans made available through the $349 billion Paycheck Protection Program, part of the CARES Act recently enacted to address the COVID-19 crisis, are likely to significantly bypass smaller small businesses and those that are minority- or women-owned.
Center for Impact Finance, COVID-19 Community Development, Community Development Finance, COVID-19, Economic Development, Housing, Low Income Publication
Conservative Media Consumers Less Likely to Wear Masks and Less Worried About COVID-19
In this brief, authors Lawrence Hamilton and Thomas Safford discuss the results of a new UNH Granite State Panel survey asking questions to a statewide poll of New Hampshire residents to learn about their perceptions and behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic.
COVID-19, New Hampshire COVID-19, New Hampshire, Politics and Elections, Public Opinion Publication
COVID-19 Didn’t Create a Child Care Crisis, But Hastened and Inflamed It
In this new Carsey Perspective, authors Jess Carson and Marybeth Mattingly describe the ways that the COVID-19 pandemic has strained the nation’s already-fragile early childhood care systems. Child care providers are struggling to address revenue losses associated with closures, fewer enrollments, and new safety guidelines. Meanwhile, demand for formal child care is shifting in yet-unknown ways, with unemployment, telework, uncertain school reopenings for older children, and health-related concerns all playing a part. The authors conclude that the child care system requires significant policy support to regain lost footage, but encourage policymakers to utilize the pandemic’s disruption as an opportunity to rebuild child care in more equitable and sustainable ways.
COVID-19, Vulnerable Families Research Program Child Care, Children, COVID-19, Family, Unemployment Publication
COVID-19 Economic Crisis: By State
Every state in the country is well down from its February employment levels. A jobs comeback in May, and especially June, has fallen off in every subsequent month as COVID-19 spread to more parts of the country, the ripple effects of the initial economic carnage grew, and federal government support lapsed. The maps, graphs, and tables that follow show the story.
COVID-19 COVID-19, Economy, Employment, Unemployment Publication
Deaths Exceeded Births in Nearly Half of U.S. Counties Last Year
In this data snapshot, author Kenneth Johnson reports that even before the onset of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic, deaths were at a record high in the United States last year, but there were the fewest births since 1986, according to new Census Bureau estimates.
COVID-19, Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Mortality, Seniors Publication
Distribution of New Hampshire’s Older Population Complicates Health Care Delivery During Coronavirus Epidemic
In this data snapshot, author Kenneth Johnson discusses the uneven spatial distribution of New Hampshire’s older population and suggests that it may complicate the delivery of health care to the state’s population during the COVID-19 epidemic.
COVID-19, Demography, New Hampshire COVID-19, Demography, New Hampshire, Seniors Publication
Employment Income Drops in More Low-Income Than High-Income Households in All States
Low-wage workers are being hit much harder in the COVID-19 economic crisis than higher wage workers. This is evident in the much greater job loss in lower wage industries than higher wage industries.
COVID-19 COVID-19, Employment, Public Opinion, Unemployment, Wages Publication
Health Conditions and an Older Population Increase COVID-19 Risks in Rural America
In this brief, author Kenneth Johnson discusses the likely influence that the age structure and the incidence of pre-existing health conditions have on the risks of those exposed to COVID-19 in rural and urban counties in the United States.
COVID-19, Demography COVID-19, Demography, Health, Rural, Seniors, Urban Publication
Ideology Affects Trust in Science Agencies During a Pandemic
In this perspectives brief, authors Lawrence Hamilton and Thomas Safford discuss the enormous effect that the extent to which governments and individuals respect the recommendations of science and science-based public agencies is having on the impact of COVID-19.
Community, Environment, and Climate Change, COVID-19 COVID-19, Health, Public Opinion, Trust Publication
Innovation in Food Access Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered income losses and rising demand for food-related support, while social distancing requirements have complicated access to usual nutrition support sites. In response, government agencies, private retailers, nonprofit organizations, and volunteer networks are undertaking innovative efforts to ensure food access by vulnerable populations. By highlighting strategies that are unfolding in real time, this brief shares an array of potential approaches for private, public, and nonprofit stakeholders to use in deploying their resources.
COVID-19, Vulnerable Families Research Program COVID-19, Food Assistance, Safety Net Publication
Mapping State Unemployment
In this data snapshot, authors Michael Ettlinger and Jordan Hensley report the relative level of initial unemployment claims for the week ending March 28, and relative “insured unemployment” for the week ending March 21, each as a share of the (February) labor force.
COVID-19 COVID-19, Economic Development, Unemployment Publication
Rural Areas with Seasonal Homes Hit Hard by COVID-19
In this data snapshot, author Jess Carson finds that rural counties where at least 25 percent of the housing units are for seasonal use are hit especially hard by COVID-19 compared with urban and other kinds of rural counties.
COVID-19, Vulnerable Families Research Program Community Development, COVID-19, Economic Development, Rural Publication
The Inequities of Job Loss and Recovery Amid the COVID-19 Pandemic
In this policy brief, authors Rogelio Sáenz and Corey Sparks discuss the wide variations in unemployment and the level of job loss during the COVID-19 pandemic across the nation’s demographic groups that have historically suffered disparities in the workforce, including persons of color, women, and immigrants. It is particularly unfortunate that the calamity of the pandemic comes on the heels of major improvements in job prospects that these groups made over the last decade, as the workforce emerged from the Great Recession.
COVID-19 African Americans, COVID-19, Employment, Hispanics, Income, Inequality, Race, Unemployment, Women Publication
The Poverty-Reducing Effects of the EITC and Other Safety Nets for Young Adult Parents
In this brief, Jess Carson explores the poverty-reducing effects of key federal safety net programs among 18-24 year old (“young adult”) parents.
COVID-19, Vulnerable Families Research Program Child Care, Children, COVID-19, Family, Food Assistance, Low Income, Safety Net, Young Adults Publication
Trusting Scientists More Than the Government
In this brief, authors Lawrence Hamilton and Thomas Safford report that despite a dramatic increase in the incidence of COVID-19, and an evolving government response, there was no significant change between surveys taken in mid-March and mid-April in the shares of New Hampshire residents who reported they were making “major changes” in their daily routines, had low confidence in the federal government’s response, or expressed trust in information from science agencies.
COVID-19, New Hampshire COVID-19, Health, New Hampshire, Public Opinion, Trust Publication
U.S. Fertility Rates and Births Continue to Diminish
National Center for Health Statistics data for 2019 show the lowest fertility rates on record and just 3,746,000 births—the fewest since 1985.
COVID-19, Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Fertility, Women Publication
U.S. Population Growth Slows, but Diversity Grows
In this brief, author Kenneth Johnson reports that in 2019 the U.S. population grew at the lowest rate in a century because there were fewer births, more deaths, and less immigration. Fertility rates diminished regardless of race or Hispanic origin and immigration declines were also widespread. As a result, the growth rate of both the minority and non-Hispanic White population diminished. Yet, the racial diversity of the population continued to grow, according to Census Bureau estimates released on June 25, 2020. This increasing diversity reflects two important demographic trends. The minority population is growing, and the non-Hispanic White population is declining. This interplay of White and minority demographic change increased diversity.
COVID-19, Demography Birth Rates, COVID-19, Demography, Hispanics, Immigration, Mortality Publication
Views of a Fast-Moving Pandemic
In this brief, authors Thomas Safford and Lawrence Hamilton report the results of a Granite State Panel survey (March 17-26), asking New Hampshire residents about their views concerning government responses to the coronavirus (COVID-19) and whether they changed their daily routine because of the pandemic.
COVID-19, New Hampshire Climate Change, COVID-19, Politics and Elections, Public Opinion Publication